Thinking Future Energy Systems

EU Gas Exit Project

Project Overview
The EU Gas Exit project aims at developing concrete strategies for the EU and select member states to phase out the use of fossil gas by 2050, in line with the EU’s legally binding climate neutrality target. Key outcomes of the project include EU and national fossil gas phase-out pathways based on detailed sectoral modelling of the energy, buildings, and industry sectors, as well as national deep dives for the industry and buildings sectors.
National Pathways
The EU Gas Exit Project has developed National Gas Exit Pathways and narratives for nine EU countries in Central and Southeastern Europe that are particularly dependent on gas from Russia and so far rely on fossil gas as a “bridge fuel” in their energy transition planning. Each national pathway features detailed information on the methodology and assumptions for the scenario modelling, as well as key results for the energy, industry and buildings sectors.
Industry Deep Dives
National Industry Deep Dives were developed for Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Romania providing background information on fossil gas consumption across the different industry sub-sectors, an assessment of key drivers of fossil gas demand reduction until 2030, as well as general policy recommendations for fossil gas demand reduction in industry.
Buildings Deep Dives
National Building Deep Dives were developed for Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania and Slovenia providing background information on fossil gas consumption in the buildings sectors, an exploration of five topic areas (energy savings, gas boilers, building renovations, heat pumps and district heating) and country-specific recommendations.


Accelerated lignite exit in Bulgaria, Romania and Greece
In light of the ambitious targets of the Paris Agreement and highly ambitious long-term decarbonisation goals set by the European Green Deal, a critical question for decision-makers is how to sustain a coal and lignite phase-out that is as swift as possible while also ensuring security of supply, affordable electricity, and a just transition in regions dependent on coal.
Myths and facts about deploying renewables in the power systems of Southeast Europe
This study collects the most important myths about renewables deployment in the countries of South East Europe. It explains in a fact-based manner the advantages of renewables and shows how renewables integration into the SEE power systems can be successful and benefits of low-cost renewables can be reaped.
Unlocking low-cost renewables in Southeast Europe: Case studies on de-risking onshore wind investment
With Southeast Europe already strongly impacted by climate change, it is imperative to rapidly reduce power sector emissions. In a region that relies heavily on old and polluting lignite-fired power plants, renewables, especially wind and solar PV, offer an important, cost competitive solution for power sector modernisation and for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The Southeast European power system in 2030: Flexibility challenges and benefits from regional integration
To better understand the issues at stake, we have commissioned experts from REKK to examine potential developments up to 2030 in SEE: What kinds of flexibility requirements arise from the projected growth of wind and PV? To what extent can further power market integration within SEE and beyond help to meet this challenge? And will power systems still possess sufficient reserve margins to guarantee security of supply in critical situations?
A clean-energy transition in Southeast Europe: Challenges, options and policy priorities
This paper addresses the main challenges to a clean- energy transition in SEE and provides a number of policy recommendations for achieving it. The paper is a result of two projects: the Western Balkans En- ergy Transition Dialogue project and South East Eu- rope Energy Transition Dialogue.
Croation energy transition 2018
Scenarios of Long Term Production Planning and Forecasting Demand of the Croatian Power System and Analysis of the Regional Power Market) by University of Zagreb (Croatia), Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture.